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DS2401_11 Datasheet - Page 4

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DS2401
TRANSACTION SEQUENCE
The sequence for accessing the DS2401 via the 1-Wire port is as follows:
 Initialization
 ROM Function Command
 Read Data
INITIALIZATION
All transactions on the 1-Wire bus begin with an initialization sequence. The initialization sequence
consists of a reset pulse transmitted by the bus master followed by a Presence Pulse(s) transmitted by the
slave(s).
The Presence Pulse lets the bus master know that the DS2401 is on the bus and is ready to operate. For
more details, see the 1-Wire Signaling section.
ROM FUNCTION COMMANDS
Once the bus master has detected a presence, it can issue one of the four ROM function commands. All
ROM function commands are 8 bits long. A list of these commands follows (refer to flowchart in Figure
4).
Read ROM [33h] or [0Fh]
This command allows the bus master to read the DS2401’s 8-bit family code, unique 48-bit serial
number, and 8-bit CRC. This command can only be used if there is a single DS2401 on the bus. If more
than one slave is present on the bus, a data collision will occur when all slaves try to transmit at the same
time (open drain will produce a wired-AND result). The DS2401 Read ROM function will occur with a
command byte of either 33h or 0Fh in order to ensure compatibility with the DS2400, which will only
respond to a 0Fh command word with its 64-bit ROM data.
Match ROM [55h] / Skip ROM [CCh]
The complete 1-Wire protocol for all Maxim iButtons® contains a Match ROM and a Skip ROM
command. Since the DS2401 contains only the 64-bit ROM with no additional data fields, the Match
ROM and Skip ROM are not applicable and will cause no further activity on the 1-Wire bus if executed.
The DS2401 does not interfere with other 1-Wire parts on a multidrop bus that do respond to a Match
ROM or Skip ROM (for example, a DS2401 and DS1994 on the same bus).
Search ROM [F0h]
When a system is initially brought up, the bus master might not know the number of devices on the 1-
Wire bus or their 64-bit ROM codes. The search ROM command allows the bus master to use a process
of elimination to identify the 64-bit ROM codes of all slave devices on the bus. The ROM search process
is the repetition of a simple 3-step routine: read a b it, read the complement of the bit, then write the
desired value of that bit. The bus master performs this simple 3-step routine on each bit of the ROM.
After one complete pass, the bus master knows the contents of the ROM in one device. The remaining
number of devices and their ROM codes may be identified by additional passes. Refer to Application
Note 187: 1-Wire Search Algorithm for a comprehensive discussion of a ROM search, including an actual
example.
iButton is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.

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