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ADC0801 Datasheet - Page 14

Download or read online National Semiconductor ADC0801 8-Bit Microprocessor Compatible A/D Converters pdf datasheet.
Also see for ADC0801: Datasheet #2 (41 pages)

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Functional Description
The ADC0801 series contains a circuit equivalent of the
256R network Analog switches are sequenced by succes-
sive approximation logic to match the analog difference in-
put voltage V
) to a corresponding tap on
the R network The most significant bit is tested first and
after 8 comparisons (64 clock cycles) a digital 8-bit binary
code (1111 1111
full-scale) is transferred to an output
latch and then an interrupt is asserted (INTR makes a high-
to-low transition) A conversion in process can be interrupt-
ed by issuing a second start command The device may be
operated in the free-running mode by connecting INTR to
the WR input with CS
0 To ensure start-up under all pos-
sible conditions an external WR pulse is required during the
first power-up cycle
On the high-to-low transition of the WR input the internal
SAR latches and the shift register stages are reset As long
as the CS input and WR input remain low the A D will re-
main in a reset state Conversion will start from 1 to 8 clock
periods after at least one of these inputs makes a low-to-
high transition
Note 1 CS shown twice for clarity
Note 2 SAR
Successive Approximation Register
A functional diagram of the A D converter is shown in Fig-
ure 2 All of the package pinouts are shown and the major
logic control paths are drawn in heavier weight lines
The converter is started by having CS and WR simulta-
neously low This sets the start flip-flop (F F) and the result-
ing ‘‘1’’ level resets the 8-bit shift register resets the Inter-
rupt (INTR) F F and inputs a ‘‘1’’ to the D flop F F1 which
is at the input end of the 8-bit shift register Internal clock
signals then transfer this ‘‘1’’ to the Q output of F F1 The
AND gate G1 combines this ‘‘1’’ output with a clock signal
to provide a reset signal to the start F F If the set signal is
no longer present (either WR or CS is a ‘‘1’’) the start F F is
reset and the 8-bit shift register then can have the ‘‘1’’
clocked in which starts the conversion process If the set
signal were to still be present this reset pulse would have
no effect (both outputs of the start F F would momentarily
be at a ‘‘1’’ level) and the 8-bit shift register would continue
to be held in the reset mode This logic therefore allows for
wide CS and WR signals and the converter will start after at
least one of these signals returns high and the internal
clocks again provide a reset signal for the start F F
FIGURE 2 Block Diagram
TL H 5671 – 13

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