PWM-ONLY MODE OPERATION
In normal PWM operation, the MCP1640/B/C/D
operates as a fixed frequency, synchronous boost
converter. The switching frequency is internally
maintained with a precision oscillator typically set to
500 kHz. The MCP1640B/D devices will operate in
PWM-Only mode even during periods of light load
operation. By operating in PWM-Only mode, the output
ripple remains low and the frequency is constant.
Operating in fixed PWM mode results in lower
efficiency during light load operation (when compared
to PFM mode (MCP1640C)).
Lossless current sensing converts the peak current sig-
nal to a voltage to sum with the internal slope compen-
sation. This summed signal is compared to the voltage
error amplifier output to provide a peak current control
compensation is adaptive to the input and output
voltage. Therefore, the converter provides the proper
amount of slope compensation to ensure stability, but is
not excessive, which causes a loss of phase margin.
The peak current limit is set to 800 mA typical.
PFM MODE OPERATION
The MCP1640C devices are capable of operating in
normal PWM mode and PFM mode to maintain high
efficiency at all loads. In PFM mode, the output ripple
has a variable frequency component that changes with
the input voltage and output current. With no load, the
quiescent current draw from the output is typically
19 µA. The PFM mode can be disabled in selected
PFM operation is initiated if the output load current falls
below an internally programmed threshold. The output
voltage is continuously monitored. When the output
voltage drops below its nominal value, PFM operation
pulses one or several times to bring the output back
into regulation. If the output load current rises above
the upper threshold, the MCP1640C transitions
smoothly into PWM mode.
ADJUSTABLE OUTPUT VOLTAGE
The MCP1640/B/C/D output voltage is adjustable with
a resistor divider over a 2.0V minimum to 5.5V
recommended to minimize quiescent current to keep
efficiency high at light loads.
The enable pin is used to turn the boost converter on
and off. The enable threshold voltage varies with input
voltage. To enable the boost converter, the EN voltage
level must be greater than 90% of the V
disable the boost converter, the EN voltage must be
less than 20% of the V
2011 Microchip Technology Inc.
The MCP1640/B/C/D gets its start-up bias from V
Once the output exceeds the input, bias comes from
the output. Therefore, once started, operation is
completely independent of V
limited by the output power level and the input source
series resistance. When started, the output will remain
in regulation down to 0.35V typical with 1 mA output
current for low source impedance inputs.
The error amplifier, with its associated compensation
network, completes the closed loop system by
comparing the output voltage to a reference at the
input of the error amplifier, and feeding the amplified
and inverted signal to the control input of the inner
current loop. The compensation network provides
phase leads and lags at appropriate frequencies to
cancel excessive phase lags and leads of the power
circuit. All necessary compensation components and
slope compensation are integrated.
SHORT CIRCUIT PROTECTION
Unlike most boost converters, the MCP1640/B/C/D
allows its output to be shorted during normal operation.
The internal current limit, and overtemperature
protection, limit excessive stress and protect the device
during periods of short circuit, overcurrent and over-
temperature. While operating in Bypass mode, the
P-Channel current limit is inhibited to minimize
LOW NOISE OPERATION
The MCP1640/B/C/D integrates a low noise anti-ring
switch that damps the oscillations typically observed at
the switch node of a boost converter when operating in
the Discontinuous Inductor Current mode. This
removes the high frequency radiated noise.
Overtemperature protection circuitry is integrated into
the MCP1640/B/C/D. This circuitry monitors the device
junction temperature and shuts the device off if the
junction temperature exceeds the typical +150
threshold. If this threshold is exceeded, the device will
automatically restart when the junction temperature
drops by 10
. Operation is only
C. The soft start is reset during an