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FMS1616LAX-XXEX Datasheet - Page 19

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Before any READ or WRITE commands can be issued to a
bank within the SDRAM, a row in that bank must be “opened”
(activated). This is accomplished via the ACTIVE command,
which selects both the bank and the row to be activated. A
READ or WRITE command may then be issued to that row,
subject to the t
specification. t
(MIN) should be divided
by the clock period and rounded up to the next whole number to
determine the earliest clock edge after the ACTIVE command
on which a READ or WRITE command can be entered. For
example, a t
specification of 20ns with a 125 Mhz clock
(8ns period) results in 2.5 clocks, rounded to 3. (The same
procedure is used to convert other specification limits from time
units to clock cycles.) A subsequent ACTIVE command to a
different row in the same bank can only be issued after the
previous active row has been “closed” (precharged). The
minimum time interval between successive ACTIVE commands
to the same bank is defined by t
. A subsequent ACTIVE
command to another bank can be issued while the first bank is
being accessed, which results in a reduction of total row-access
overhead. The minimum time interval between successive
ACTIVE commands to different banks is defined by t
READ bursts are initiated with a READ command, as shown in
Read Command
Rev0.3, May., 2010
Figure 3. The starting column and bank addresses are provided
with the READ command, and auto precharge is either enabled
or disabled for that burst access. For the generic READ comm-
ands used in the following illustrations, auto precharge is disab-
led. During READ bursts, the valid data-out element from the
starting column address will be available following the CAS
latency after the READ command. Each subsequent data-out
element will be valid by the next positive clock edge. Figure 2.
shows general timing for each possible CAS latency setting.
Upon completion of a burst, assuming no other commands
have been initiated, the DQs will go High-Z. A fullpage burst will
continue until terminated. (The burst will wrap around at the end
of the page). A continuous flow of data can be maintained by
having additional Read Burst or single Read Command. The
first data element from the new burst follows either the last
element of a completed burst or the last desired data element of
a longer burst that is being truncated.
The new READ command should be issued x cycles before the
clock edge at which the last desired data element is valid,
where x equals the CAS latency minus one.
This is shown in Figure 4. for CAS latencies of one, two and
three; data element n + 3 is either the last of a burst of four or
the last desired of a longer burst. Full-speed random read
accesses can be performed to the same bank, as shown in
Figure 5. , or each subsequent READ may be performed to a
different bank.
Enable Auto Precharge
Disable Auto Precharge
Don’t Care
Figure 3. Read Command

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